Vietnam is undergoing significant change as a result of its dynamic environment, which is shown in its young population, expanding affluence, changing consumer attitudes, increased mobility, and urbanization. With a position in the heart of Southeast Asia and along the coastline of the Pacific Ocean, Vietnam provides significant benefits in terms of access to the world’s major trade routes.
Country name: Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Country calling code: +84
Capital City: Hanoi (Ha Noi)
GDP/PPP: $647.4 billion (2017 est.)
Growth Rate: 6.8% (2017 est.)
Inflation: 3.5% (2017 est.)
Government Revenues: 22% of GDP (2017 est.)
Public Debt: 58.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
Land area: 331,212 sq km.
Terrain: Varies from mountainous to coastal delta.
Climate: Tropical monsoon
Currency: Vietnamese dong (VND)
Ethnic Groups: Vietnam is a multi-nationality country with 54 ethnic groups. Viet (Kinh) (87%), Chinese (3%), Tay, Thai, Muong, Hoa, Khmer, Nung, other mountain people.
Religions: Buddhism, Hoa Hao, Cao Dai, Christian, animism, Islam.
Population: more than 97.3 millions (2020) in which Age structure is female 51%, male 49%.
Working Population: 54.8 million (2017 est.)
Employment by Occupation: Agriculture: 15.3%, Industry: 33.3%, Services: 41.3% (2016 est.)
Unemployment: 2.2% (2017 est.)
Population Below the Poverty Line: 8% (2017 est.)
Administrative divisions: 63 provinces and municipalities (Hanoi, Hồ Chí Minh City, Hải Phòng, Quang Ninh, Da Nang, Nha Trang).
Total: 195,468 km
Paved: 148,338 km
Unpaved: 47,130 km (2013)
- Hanoi-Hồ Chí Minh City: 1,738 km
- Hanoi-Điện Biên Phủ: 474 km
- Hanoi-Hải Phòng: 102 km
- Hanoi-Huế: 654 km
+ Railways: 3,219 km, includes 7 lines.
- Hanoi-Saigon Railway – 1,726km
- Hanoi – Hai Phong: 102km
- Hanoi-Lao Cai Railway: 296
- Hanoi-Quan Trieu Railway: 75km
- Hanoi-Dong Dang Railway: 162km
- Hanoi-Ha Long Railway: 106km
- Kep-Luu Xa Railway: 57km.
+ Air way: The Vietnam Airlines has 17 international routes and 16 domestic routes. Large airports are: Nội Bài (Hanoi), Tân Sơn Nhất (HCM City) , Đà Nẵng, Phú Bài (Huế), Cát Bi (Hải Phòng), Điện Biên (Lai Châu), Vinh (Nghệ An), Nha Trang, Cần Thơ.
(Note: The Civil Aviation Authority of Vietnam (CAAV) has submitted a plan to build two new runways and passenger terminals at Hanoi’s Noi Bai International Airport. By 2030, the airport will have an estimated capacity of 63 million passengers and two million tons of cargo per year).
+ Major Seaport(s): Hai Phong, Cai Lan, Nghi Son, Da Nang, Sai Gon, Phu My, Quy Nhon, Vung Tau,
Lying on the eastern part of the Indochinese peninsula, Vietnam is a strip of land shaped like the letter “S”. China borders it to the north, Laos and Cambodia to the west, the Eastern Sea to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the east and south.
Mountains and hills cover two thirds of the mainland. Areas above 500m in altitude account for 70 percent of the mainland. The most grandiose and highest mountain ranges lie in the west and northwest of the country.
Việt Nam’s territorial waters make around 1,000,000 km2, with over 3,000 km long coastline lines. Việt Nam lies along the Indochinese Peninsula and circles the old southeastern part of the Asian continent with its back turned to the Eastern Sea (Pacific Ocean). These mountain and sea areas boast a diversity and richness in natural resources as well as minerals.
In the South West area of Central Vietnam, there is a huge “mountain-highland” at over 1,000m high, covered by basalt soil ideal for growing tropical and temperate industrial crops (rubber, tea, coffee and cacao).
Along the coastline, from the North to the South, Vietnam has lots of beautiful beaches, especially Hạ Long Bay with more than 3,000 islands, is listed by UNESCO as a World Natural Heritage site.
Jungles along the country are home to rare, precious animals and plants. In addition, there are some sub-climate regions in Viet Nam including regions with temperate climate and unique sight-seeing, such as Sa Pa (Lao Cai Province), Da Lat (Lam Dong province) and plenty of lakes, streams, falls and extraordinary caves.
The mineral coal such as mines, bauxite and precious metal are mainly in the North and the Central; on the offshore and coastline we have lots of oil field and natural gas. In the rivers, lakes and territorial waters we have variety of fishes, shrimps and aqua products.