Vietnam is undergoing significant change as a result of its dynamic environment, which is shown in its young population, expanding affluence, changing consumer attitudes, increased mobility, and urbanization. With a position in the heart of Southeast Asia and along the coastline of the Pacific Ocean, Vietnam provides significant benefits in terms of access to the world’s major trade routes.
Country name: Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Country calling code: +84
Capital City: Hanoi (Ha Noi)
GDP/PPP: $647.4 billion (2017 est.)
Growth Rate: 6.8% (2017 est.)
Inflation: 3.5% (2017 est.)
Government Revenues: 22% of GDP (2017 est.)
Public Debt: 58.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
Land area: 331,212 sq km.
Terrain: Varies from mountainous to coastal delta.
Climate: Tropical monsoon
Currency: Vietnamese dong (VND)
Ethnic Groups: Vietnam is a multi-nationality country with 54 ethnic groups. Viet (Kinh) (87%), Chinese (3%), Tay, Thai, Muong, Hoa, Khmer, Nung, other mountain people.
Religions: Buddhism, Hoa Hao, Cao Dai, Christian, animism, Islam.
Population: more than 97.3 millions (2020) in which Age structure is female 51%, male 49%.
Working Population: 54.8 million (2017 est.)
Employment by Occupation: Agriculture: 15.3%, Industry: 33.3%, Services: 41.3% (2016 est.)
Unemployment: 2.2% (2017 est.)
Population Below the Poverty Line: 8% (2017 est.)
Administrative divisions: 63 provinces and municipalities (Hanoi, Hồ Chí Minh City, Hải Phòng, Quang Ninh, Da Nang, Nha Trang).
Total: 195,468 km
Paved: 148,338 km
Unpaved: 47,130 km (2013)
- Hanoi-Hồ Chí Minh City: 1,738 km
- Hanoi-Điện Biên Phủ: 474 km
- Hanoi-Hải Phòng: 102 km
- Hanoi-Huế: 654 km
+ Railways: 3,219 km, includes 7 lines.
- Hanoi-Saigon Railway – 1,726km
- Hanoi – Hai Phong: 102km
- Hanoi-Lao Cai Railway: 296
- Hanoi-Quan Trieu Railway: 75km
- Hanoi-Dong Dang Railway: 162km
- Hanoi-Ha Long Railway: 106km
- Kep-Luu Xa Railway: 57km.
+ Air way: The Vietnam Airlines has 17 international routes and 16 domestic routes. Large airports are: Nội Bài (Hanoi), Tân Sơn Nhất (HCM City) , Đà Nẵng, Phú Bài (Huế), Cát Bi (Hải Phòng), Điện Biên (Lai Châu), Vinh (Nghệ An), Nha Trang, Cần Thơ.
(Note: The Civil Aviation Authority of Vietnam (CAAV) has submitted a plan to build two new runways and passenger terminals at Hanoi’s Noi Bai International Airport. By 2030, the airport will have an estimated capacity of 63 million passengers and two million tons of cargo per year).
+ Major Seaport(s): Hai Phong, Cai Lan, Nghi Son, Da Nang, Sai Gon, Phu My, Quy Nhon, Vung Tau,